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    • #8152
      Guenni75
      Moderator

      <p style=”text-align: justify;”><span style=”font-family: ‘Marcellus SC’; font-size: 24px;”>Don’t know if anybody used the AM Broadcast tuning blocks.</span></p>
      <span style=”font-family: ‘Marcellus SC’; font-size: 24px;”>Since years I was quite angry about the (missing) scale on the tuning blocks #8036 + #8074. Turning to the right: low frequencies, turning left: high frequencies. The radio frequencies have to be (in that order) from 1620 … 531 kHz/cps – but not with the available built-in coil (#8074) or the ferrite antenna (#8037)! Never – no match!</span>
      <p style=”text-align: justify;”><span style=”font-family: ‘Marcellus SC’; font-size: 24px;”>I did some testing and calculations, and so the following overview may help a little:</span></p>
      <p style=”text-align: justify;”>
      <span style=”font-family: ‘Marcellus SC’; font-size: 24px;”></span></p>
      <p style=”text-align: justify;”>
      <span style=”font-family: ‘Marcellus SC’; font-size: 24px;”>My markings 16 and 5.3 stand for the usual reception limits on the worldwide produced pocket radios – everybody had seen this and means the AM BC reception range 1600 … 530 kHz/cps.</span>
      <span style=”font-family: ‘Marcellus SC’; font-size: 24px;”>The formula for L/C circuits (in the middle) calculate the required values for L (coil inductivity) or C (capacitor) – or like here: the resonance frequency. But this only valid for L/C circuits without an external antenna, e.g. a long antenna wire from the roof to a tree (please use isolators at the ends!).</span></p>
      <p style=”text-align: justify;”><span style=”font-family: ‘Marcellus SC’; font-size: 24px;”>The components (variable capacitor = tuning cap.) and the used coils (without ferrite core in #8074, ferrite antenna in #8037) have tolerances, see values above.</span></p>
      <p style=”text-align: justify;”><span style=”font-family: ‘Marcellus SC’; font-size: 24px;”>In my graphic the black arrows show the actual range for tuning (probably the second harmonic: <400 kcps + 531 kcps in the left picture); after minor changes I “moved” it to the reception area marked with the red arrow.</span>
      <span style=”font-family: ‘Marcellus SC’; font-size: 24px;”>The tests with my AM modulator started at 531 kHz/cps, had a middle position of 1003 kHz/cps and a higher one at about 1200…1350 kHz/cps. If anybody has a good reception of a radio station at about 1600 kHz/cps he may check before he is thinking of one of the following changes:</span></p>
      <p style=”text-align: justify;”><span style=”font-family: ‘Marcellus SC’; font-size: 24px;”></span></p>
      <p style=”text-align: justify;”><span style=”font-family: ‘Marcellus SC’; font-size: 24px;”>This is the well known experiment 50 from the good old Egger / Braun sets. The ferrite antenna (with these values) need a variable capacitor of ~ 150 pF, but the used one in #8036 has ~ 250 pF. So a serial capacitor of ~ 330 pF (available as Lectron #2313 ) will solve this problem! I tried with values up to 390 pF, depending in the actual value of the variable capacitor – see in the photo above without cover (please note the old tuning knob – you can see it on a picture in the first Egger / Braun manuals).</span></p>
      <p style=”text-align: justify;”><span style=”font-family: ‘Marcellus SC’; font-size: 24px;”>The formula is: (C1 * C2) / (C1 + C2), where C1 is the maximum value of the variable capacitor and C2 is the value of the serial capacitor, all values in pF (pico Farad).</span></p>
      <p style=”text-align: justify;”><span style=”font-family: ‘Marcellus SC’; font-size: 24px;”>The built-in coil in Tuning block #8074 has too few turns so I disassembled it and put some additional turns (about 20 turns may be enough) on it – please note: same direction!</span></p>
      <p style=”text-align: justify;”><span style=”font-family: ‘Marcellus SC’; font-size: 24px;”>So I had ~ 160 µH before and about 220 µH now. With the above shown frequency formula I should have had  360 µH with this variable capacitor to receive the whole BC band, but – as I mentioned before – the required external antenna for this tuning block is a – technical – part of the L/C circuit!</span></p>
      <p style=”text-align: justify;”><span style=”font-family: ‘Marcellus SC’; font-size: 24px;”>Here the open tuning block with the extended coil:</span></p>
      <p style=”text-align: justify;”><span style=”font-family: ‘Marcellus SC’; font-size: 24px;”></span></p>
      <p style=”text-align: justify;”><span style=”font-family: ‘Marcellus SC’; font-size: 24px;”>Any other suggestions?</span></p>
      <p style=”text-align: justify;”><span style=”font-family: ‘Marcellus SC’; font-size: 24px;”>Best,</span>
      <span style=”font-family: ‘Marcellus SC’; font-size: 24px;”>G.</span></p>

      • This topic was modified 6 months, 2 weeks ago by mwpeters75.
      • This topic was modified 6 months, 2 weeks ago by mwpeters75.
      • This topic was modified 4 months, 2 weeks ago by Guenni75.
    • #8166
      mwpeters75
      Keymaster

      Hi Günther,

      Great contribution, thank you.  

      You are way out of my league (you know so much more than I do) I have no suggestions to offer.  Just admiration!

      Best,
      Michael

    • #8206
      LectronFan
      Moderator

      Hello all,

      Thank you Guenther for your solution to the AM coil matching.

      I also noticed a shifting in the tuning when building this circuit.

      By the way, to my surprise, the same circuit build with the NPN transistors performed better ! Something to do with the gain of the first transistor.
      As an experiment a few weeks ago, I used a higher gain transistor MPS-A18 and distant stations popped in loud and clear.
      I would love to build a transistor block with this high gain transistor.

      Just need to order an empty block one of these days.

      Greetings

      • This reply was modified 6 months, 2 weeks ago by mwpeters75. Reason: Changed font and size styling for easier reading
    • #8525
      Guenni75
      Moderator

      I just found another old tuning block with a cylindric coil:

      In this case the problem could be solved with a ~ 10 mm piece of an old coil carrier with a (shortened) HF ferrite that fits exactly in the Lectron coil and can be adjusted with a small screwdriver to the required value:

      Best,

      G.

       

    • #8526
      LectronFan
      Moderator

      Hî,

      Thanks for the tip ! Unfortunately the tuning circuit which was included in my set has only a rectangle coil form.

      What also surprised me was the fact that the bar antenna has no litze  wire, only solid copper wire. The same wire was also used in a legacy block.

      I thought that the litze  wire has better qualities concerning stray capacitances in HF circuits.

      The litze wire is used in the tuning block.

      many greetings

    • #8531
      Guenni75
      Moderator

      The properties of the “HF Litze” (high frequency stranded wire) are indeed better than the CuL version – but this wasn’t used in the Lectron world. I think that is was easier to produce and for less money to order.

      Here is a photo of several versions with CuL (1…3 left) and 2 homebrew versions made with “litze” to the right, which can be ordered still today – from time to time – see samples below:

      Why not make the coils with this material – if available – by yourself? Helpful is a L/C/R-Meter to check the µH values. As a rough thumb rule: ~ 120 turns for the vari-cap, 10 turns for the coupling coil. All turns on a – moveable –  cardboard tube for better adjustment.

      Best,

      G.

      • This reply was modified 4 months, 1 week ago by Guenni75.
    • #8533
      Guenni75
      Moderator

      To solve the above problems with the rectangle coil (from a small transformer) I tried with some ferrite pieces from my coil collection. I had a separate coil from a disassembled block and simulated the groundplate with a piece of iron and the tuning block bottom with a piece of polystyrol:

      Moving the ferrite into the right position and fix it with some pieces of a wooden match or the like and glue it – ready!

      Best,

      G.

    • #8539
      LectronFan
      Moderator

      Hello Guenther,

      This is a great find !

      Never thought there could be an easy way to fix this coil.

      i will try the same with my coil. I just have to check for a correct ferrite rod to fit inside.

      Many greetings

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